## IMO, NSO and NSTSE

The International Mathematics Olympiad (IMO) is a MATHs competition for students of class 1 to class 12. It is conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) with the aim of identifying and nurturing future scientists, technologists and IT talent at school level.

Participants of IMO are ranked on the basis of marks obtained in 1st Level. After taking the first level of the test, students can judge themselves academically at four different levels – within the school, at city level, at state level and above all at International level.

Students who qualify for the 2nd level exam include

(a) Top 5% of students class wise, who appear for the 1st level exam,

(b) State wise top 25 rank holders class wise, and

(c) Class toppers from each participating school where at least 25 students from a class appear in the exam & scores 50% qualifying marks.

Students from classes 1 and 2 are not required to appear for the 2nd level exam and are ranked based on their performance in the first level exam.

The National Science Olympiad (NSO) is a science competition for students of class 1 to class 12. It is conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) with the aim of identifying and nurturing future scientists, technologists and IT talent at school level.

Participants of NSO are ranked on the basis of marks obtained in 1st Level. After taking the first level of the test, students can judge themselves academically at four different levels – within the school, at city level, at state level and above all at International level.

Students who qualify for the 2nd level exam include

(a) Top 5% of students class wise, who appear for the 1st level exam,

(b) State wise top 25 rank holders class wise, and

(c) Class toppers from each participating school where at least 25 students from a class appear in the exam & scores 50% qualifying marks.

Students from classes 1 and 2 are not required to appear for the 2nd level exam and are ranked based on their performance in the first level exam.

NSTSE is a diagnostic test which helps students improve their overall learning ability and educational performance.

Unlike other tests which may only find out how much a student knows or has memorised, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood the concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him/her improve.

Thus NSTSE helps each student to know early, whether he/she has properly understood a concept, so that immediate action can be taken to correct the aberration and pave a path for improvement. Often, students develop conceptual gaps which increase as the students go to higher classes and turn those into a ‘phobia’ for the subject.

School tests – including board exams – tend to test children superficially, only to the extent what they have memorised. But the important skills like the ability to think independently and reason logically – most critical in today’s world – are often not aimed at or tested in school tests.

The focus on fundamentals is very important as when the child finishes studies he/she will have to face the competitive world armed with those fundamentals. Even while opting for higher studies, a student has to go through a complete scan of what he/she knows and how much. Exams like IIT-JEE, AIEEE, AFMC, AIIMS, GRE, GMAT, CAT etc., are designed to test the fundamental strength of a student. Hence the need of the hour is to build the fundamental-base as strong and as early as possible. This exactly is the philosophy behind Unified Council’s NSTSE.

This exactly is the philosophy behind the Unified Council’s NSTSE.

**NSTSE is unlike other tests in many different ways. It**

• has interesting questions that require thinking, not simply a recall

• provides detailed skill-wise feedback highlighting strengths and weaknesses

• provides a benchmark of the student’s performance and his/her peers.

Thus, NSTSE aims at improvement rather than comparison or grading. It also reduces the stress of exams by checking ‘understanding and reasoning’ rather than just ‘knowing’.

*Making younger generation stronger in fundamentals and nourishing their minds for a bright and enterprising future.*

## International Mathematics Olympiad (IMO) Level-1 Pattern

#### Class 1 to 4

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Logical Reasoning | 10 | 1 | 10 |

Mathematical Reasoning | 10 | 1 | 10 |

Everyday Mathematics | 10 | 1 | 10 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 2 | 10 |

Grand Total | 35 | 40 |

#### Class 5 to 7

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Logical Reasoning | 15 | 1 | 15 |

Mathematical Reasoning | 20 | 1 | 20 |

Everyday Mathematics | 10 | 1 | 10 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 3 | 15 |

Grand Total | 50 | 60 |

## International Mathematics Olympiad (IMO) Level-2 Pattern

#### Class 3 to 4

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Mathematics | 30 | 1 | 30 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 2 | 10 |

Grand Total | 35 | 40 |

#### Class 5 to 7

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Mathematics | 45 | 1 | 45 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 3 | 15 |

Grand Total | 50 | 60 |

## National Science Olympiad (NSO) Level-1 Pattern

#### Class 1 to 4

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Logical Reasoning | 5 | 1 | 5 |

Science | 25 | 1 | 25 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 2 | 10 |

Grand Total | 35 | 40 |

#### Class 5 to 7

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Logical Reasoning | 10 | 1 | 10 |

Science | 35 | 1 | 35 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 3 | 15 |

Grand Total | 50 | 60 |

## National Science Olympiad (NSO) Level-2 Pattern

#### Class 3 to 4

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Science | 30 | 1 | 30 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 2 | 10 |

Grand Total | 35 | 40 |

#### Class 5 to 7

Section | No. of Questions | Marks per Question | Total Marks |
---|---|---|---|

Science | 45 | 1 | 45 |

Achievers Section | 5 | 3 | 15 |

Grand Total | 50 | 60 |

## Maths Syllabus

#### Numbers

Numbers and number names 1 to 100, ones and tens , greater than, less than and equal to, before, after and between numbers, one more than, one less than, ascending and descending order, smallest number, largest number, counting in 2’s and 5’s, represent numbers on the number line and abacus, counting numbers on abacus, ordinals.

#### Addition

Addition without carry over and with carryover, Addition on number line, addition on abacus, addition word problems.

#### Subtraction

Subtraction without borrowing and with borrowing, subtraction on number line, subtraction on abacus, subtraction word problems.

#### Money

Rupees and paise concept, coins and notes, exchanging money, counting money.

#### Geometry

Shapes and their properties, triangle, square, rectangle, circle, .Observation skill.

#### Time

Hour and minute hand, understanding correct time, time of the day. What part of the day is it, days of the week, months of the year.

#### Logical and analytical reasoning.

#### Measurement.

#### Numbers

Number and number names till 1000, place values, ascending and descending order of numbers, greater than, less than, equal to, expanded form, before, after and between numbers, smallest 1-digit number, smallest 2 digit number, smallest 3- digit number, largest 1-digit, largest 2-digit number, largest 3- digit number, abacus.

#### Operations

Addition of two digits and three digits (with and without carry over), Word problems on addition (with and without carry over), missing addends, Subtraction of two digits and three digits (with and without borrowing), word problems on subtraction (with and without borrowing), missing subtrahend, missing minuend, Multiplication tables 2 to 9.

Multiplication of single-digit numbers, multiplication of 2-digit numbers by single-digit numbers. (With and without carryover) Multiplication of 3-digit numbers by single-digit number, multiplication of 2-digit numbers by 2 digit (with and without carryover) Multiplication word problems missing multiplicand, missing multiplier. Division, (dividend, divisor, remainder and quotient) missing dividend, missing divisor, division of single-digit numbers by a single-digit, division of 2-digit number by single- digit number.

#### Fractions

Numerator, dividing line, denominator, half, one-third, one-fourth, three– fourth, quarter, three quarter whole fraction of collection of objects, comparison of fractions having same denominator, equivalent fractions, addition and subtraction of fraction having same denominator, word problems ascending and descending of fractions

#### Measurements

Units of length , weight, capacity, addition and subtraction of length , weight , capacity, comparison of length , weight, capacity.

#### Time and Money

Understanding minutes, hours and seconds, a.m. and p.m. , midnight , noon , understanding rupees and paise, addition of rupees and paise, conversion of rupees and paise, comparison of money, understanding notes and coins.

#### Geometry

Shapes and their properties -> square, rectangle, triangle, circle,3 –D shapes and their properties -> cube, cuboid, sphere, cone, cylinder

#### Patterns

#### Pictorial Representation

#### Numbers

Upto 6 digit numerals International number system (upto hundred thousand), Indian number system (till 1 lakh), numbers on abacus, place value, expanded notation, successor and predecessors, ascending and descending order, comparison of numbers, form the greatest and smallest digit from the given numbers, greatest numbers (1-digit, 2-digit, 3-digit, 4-digit, 5-digit), smallest (1-digit, 2-digit, 3-digit, 4-digit, 5-digit). Roman numbers, estimation or rounding off the numbers.

#### Operations

Addition : Properties of addition, addition upto 6-digits (with and without carryover), word problems, missing addends.

Subtraction : Properties of subtraction, subtraction upto 5-digit, word problems, (with and without carry over), missing minuend, subtrahend.

Multiplication : Properties of multiplication, multiplication by 10, 100, 1000. Multiplication by 10, 20, 30

Multiplication by 100, 200, 300.

Multiplying a 2-digit by 1-digit, 3-digit by 1-digit, 2-digit by 2-digit, 3-digit by 2-digit (with and without carryover), word problems, missing multiplier and multiplicand.

Division : Properties of division, division facts and corresponding multiplication facts, relation between dividend, divisor, quotient, remainder, dividing 1-digit number by 1-digit, 2-digit number by 1-digit, 3-digit number by 1-digit, word problems, missing dividend, divisor

#### Fractions

Numerator, denominator, half quarter, three quarter whole fraction of collection of objects, comparison of fractions having same denominator, equivalent fractions, addition and subtraction of fraction having same denominator, word problems. Types of fraction -> unit fraction, proper fraction, improper fraction , mixed fraction, fractions having same numerator.

#### Money

Money : Counting money, money in words and figures, conversion of rupees into paise and paise to rupees, addition of money, subtraction of money, multiplication of money, word problems on money.

#### Measurement of length, weight, capacity, time, temperature

Length : Standard units of length (cm, m, km), conversion of m to cm, cm to m, m to km, km to m, addition, subtraction.

Weight : Measurement of mass, standard units of weight (grams, kilograms), convert kg to gms and gms to kg, addition, subtraction.

Capacity : Measures of capacity, units of capacity, standard units of capacity, convert ml to l, l to ml, addition and subtraction.

Time : Units of time, measurement of time-clock, hands of the clock, using the words, ‘past’ and ‘to’, ‘a.m.’ and ‘p.m.’, noon, midnight, conversion of minutes into seconds and seconds to minutes, hours to minutes, minutes to hours, hours to seconds, hours and minutes into minutes, minutes and seconds into seconds 24-hours clock.

Calendar : Days, months, years, leap year, number of days in every month, conversion of week into days, years into months, months into years.

#### Geometry

Open figures, closed figures, shapes and their properties, sides and vertices (plane figures), faces, edges and vertices (solid figures), solid or 3-D shapes and their properties -> cube, cuboid, sphere, cone, cylinder. Area, perimeter. Point, line, line-segment, ray, classification of triangles according to measures of their length i.e. equilateral, scalene, isosceles triangle. Classification of triangle according to the measures of their angles i.e. right angle, obtuse angle, acute angle. Quadrilaterals, pentagon, hexagons, octagons, symmetry

#### Pictorial representation

Pictorial representation and data handling.

#### Patterns.

#### Number sense

Indian place value system (9 digits),International place value system (9 digits), expanded form, face value, successor and predecessor, largest and smallest number, rounding off, Roman numerals.

#### Computation operation

Addition (9 digits),addition word problem, missing addends, subtraction (9 digit ) and subtraction word problem, missing minuend and subtrahend, multiplication, multiplication word problem, missing multiplier and multiplicand, division , division word problem, missing divisor and dividend, unitary method.

#### Fractions

Comparing fractions, equivalent fractions, fractions in lowest terms, types of fractions, converting improper to mixed ,converting mixed to improper, addition of fractions with same denominator and different denominator , subtraction of fractions with same denominator and different denominator Decimals.

Tenths, hundredths, thousandths, equivalent decimals, like and unlike decimals, ordering of decimals, expanded form of decimals, addition of decimals, subtraction of decimals.

#### Factors and multiples

Factors, factor tree, properties of factors, multiples, properties of multiples, prime and composite numbers, prime factorisation, LCM, HCF, test of divisibility.

#### Measurement of length, weight, capacity , money and time

Metric units, conversion of metric units, units of length, units of weight, units of capacity, addition in metric system, subtraction in metric system, time, a.m. and p.m., 24 hours clock, conversion of time, addition and subtraction of time, calendar, leap year, money , conversion of money.

#### Geometry

Line, line segment, ray, angles and types of angles, closed figures, triangles, types of triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, area, perimeter, parallel lines, intersecting lines, symmetry.

#### Pictorial representation

Pictograph , bar graph.

#### Pattern

#### Numbers

Indian place value system (9 digits),International place value system (9 digits), expanded form, face value, successor and predecessor, largest and smallest number, rounding off, Roman numerals.

Computation operation.

Addition (9 digits),addition word problem, missing addends, subtraction (9 digit ) and subtraction word problem, missing minuend and subtrahend, multiplication, multiplication word problem, missing multiplier and multiplicand, division , division word problem, missing divisor and dividend, unitary method.

simplification of numerical expressions, BODMAS.

#### Factors and multiples

Factors, factor tree, properties of factors, multiples, properties of multiples, prime and composite numbers, prime factorisation, LCM, HCF, test of divisibility.

#### Fractions

Comparing fractions, equivalent fractions, fractions in lowest terms, types of fractions, conversion improper to mixed ,conversion of mixed to improper, addition of fractions with same denominator and different denominator , subtraction of fractions with same denominator and different denominator, multiplication of fractions, properties of multiplication of fractions, Division of fractions, multiplicative inverse, properties of division of fractions. properties of multiplication of fractions.

#### Decimals

Tenths , hundredths, thousandths, equivalent decimals, like and unlike decimals, ordering of decimals, expanded form of decimals, addition of decimals, subtraction of decimals, conversion of fractional number into decimals, rounding decimals, multiplication and division of decimals.

#### Measurement of length, weight, capacity, time , money and temperature.

Metric units, conversion of metric units, units of length, units of weight, units of capacity, addition in metric system, subtraction in metric system, time, a.m. and p.m., 24 hours clock, conversion of time addition and subtraction of time, calendar, leap year, money , conversion of money , Fahrenheit and Celsius.

#### Geometry

Line, line segment, ray, angles and types of angles, closed figures, triangles, types of triangles, quadrilaterals, types of quadrilaterals, circles, circumference, area, volume, perimeter, parallel lines, intersecting lines, symmetry.

#### Introduction to Algebra

Constants and variables, value of algebraic expression.

#### Pictorial representation

#### Patterns

#### Knowing our numbers

Indian place value system (9 digits),International place value system (9 digits), expanded form, face value, successor and predecessor, largest and smallest number, rounding off, Roman numerals.

#### Number system

Whole numbers and natural numbers, commutative property, associative property, closure property, distributive property, order of operation, BODMAS, integers.

#### Playing with numbers

Factors, factor tree, properties of factors, multiples, properties of multiples, prime and composite numbers, prime factorisation, LCM , HCF, Test of divisibility.

#### Basic geometrical ideas

Line, line segment, ray, circles, circumference,

#### Understanding elementary shapes

construction of angles ,angles and types of angles, construction of angles , construction of angles closed figures, triangles, types of triangles, polygons, quadrilaterals, types of quadrilaterals, symmetry, parallel lines, and intersecting lines, 3-D shapes and their properties.

#### Data handling

Column graph, line graph, pie graph, pictograph.

#### Fractions

Comparing fractions, equivalent fractions, fractions in lowest terms, types of fractions, conversion of improper to mixed ,conversion of mixed to improper, addition of fractions with same denominator and different denominator , subtraction of fractions with same denominator and different denominator, multiplication of fractions, properties of multiplication of fractions, Division of fractions, multiplicative inverse, properties of division of fractions, properties of multiplication of fractions.

#### Decimals

Tenths , hundredths, thousandths, equivalent decimals, like and unlike decimals, ordering of decimals, expanded form of decimals, addition of decimals, subtraction of decimals, conversion of fractional number into decimals, rounding decimals, multiplication and division of decimals.

#### Mensuration

Area, volume, perimeter, surface area.

#### Algebra

Variables, literals, constants, power, algebraic term, algebraic expression, horizontal and vertical addition and subtraction of algebraic terms.

#### Ratio and proportion

Ratio, proportion, comparison of ratio, variation, symmetry and practical geometry.

#### Symmetry, reflection, rotation.

#### Number system

Indian place value system (9 digits),International place value system (9 digits), expanded form, face value, successor and predecessor, largest and smallest number, rounding off, Roman numerals, whole numbers and natural numbers, rational numbers, commutative property, associative property, closure property, distributive property, order of operation, BODMAS, integers.

#### Fractions and decimals

Comparing fractions, equivalent fractions, fractions in lowest terms, types of fractions, conversion improper to mixed ,conversion of mixed to improper, addition of fractions with same denominator and different denominator , subtraction of fractions with same denominator and different denominator, multiplication of fractions, properties of multiplication of fractions, Division of fractions, multiplicative inverse, properties of division of fractions. properties of multiplication of fractions, simplification of fractions.

Tenths , hundredths, thousandths, equivalent decimals, like and unlike decimals, recurring decimals,

ordering of decimals, expanded form of decimals, addition of decimals, subtraction of decimals, conversion of fractional number into decimals, rounding decimals, multiplication and division of decimals.

#### Exponents and powers

Power of a number, square of a number, square root of number, cube and cube root.

#### Simple equations

Mathematical sentence in one variable, problems leading to simple equations.

#### Practical geometry , lines and angles

Line, line segment, ray, vertically opposite angles, corresponding angles, alternate angles, linear pair, interior and exterior angle, quadrilaterals, types of quadrilateral and their properties, constructions, circles

#### Triangles and its properties & congruence of triangle

Congruency of two triangles, SAS, ASA, SSS, RHS.

#### Comparing quantities

Ratio and proportion, unitary method, percentage, average, profit and loss, simple interest, time and work, speed and distance.

#### Algebraic expression

Variables, literals, constants, power, algebraic term, algebraic expression, horizontal and vertical addition and subtraction of algebraic terms , multiplication and division of algebraic expression.

#### Area and perimeter

Area, volume, perimeter, surface area, units of area, and volume.

#### Data handling, symmetry, and visualising solid shapes.

## Science Syllabus

#### Living and non-living things

Living things, non-living things, difference between living and non-living things, natural and man-made things.

#### Plants

Types of plants-> herbs, shrubs, climbers, creepers, trees.

New plants grow from seeds.

Parts of plants-> roots, stem, leaf, flower, fruit. Uses of plants

#### Animals

Types of animals . -> pet animals, wild animals, domestic animals, small animals, big animals, terrestrial animals, water animals, insects, birds.

Animal homes and babies, food for animals-> plant eating animals, flesh eating animals, animals eating both plants and animals.

#### Human and their needs

Our body and its care, parts of body and their uses, sense organs.

#### Food

Sources of food -> food from plants, food from animals, good food habits, healthy food, meals in a day.

#### Good habits and safety rules

Safety rules at home, safety rules in school, safety rules on the road, safety while swimming, safety while riding in a bus, car etc, zebra crossing, traffic light

Keeping clean and healthy , cleanliness, rest, exercise and play, good habits.

#### Air and water

Uses of air, air is all around us, air fills up space, air can change shape of things, air has weight, wind , uses of wind

Sources of water, storage of water, uses of water, saving (conservation) of water.

#### Weather and sky

Hot and sunny days, cold days, rainy days, windy days.

Seasons -> summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.

Sun, sunrise and sunset, moon, phases of moon,and stars

#### Family and relatives

Types of families -> joint family, nuclear family, relation with other family members

#### Plants

Types of plants-> herbs, shrubs, climbers, creepers, trees.

New plants grow from seeds.

Parts of plants-> roots, stem, leaf, flower, fruit and their functions .Green plants make their own food,

Uses of plants -> food from plants, medicines from plants, oils from plants, fibre from plants, wood from plants, other useful things from plants paper, rubber, gun, perfume soap toothpaste.

#### Animals

Types of animals . -> pet animals, farm animals, wild animals, domestic animals, small animals, big animals, terrestrial animals, water animals, insects, birds, reptiles, mammals, amphibians.

Animal homes and babies, food for animals-> herbivores, carnivores, omnivores .

Protecting wild animals.

#### Human body

Our body and its care, parts of body and their uses, sense organs.

Digestive system and its organs , skeletal system and its organs , respiratory system and its organs circulatory system and its organs ,muscular system and its organs, nervous system and its organs, excretory system and its organs, skeletal system and its organs.

Exercise, rest and posture.

#### Food

Sources of food -> food from plants, food from animals, good food habits healthy food, meals in a day.

Food groups -> energy-giving food, body-building food, protective food, importance of water in our body.

#### Housing and clothing

Types of houses ->Kutcha house, pucca house, temporary and permanent house,igloo, tents ,caravans , house boats.

Types of roofs -> sloping roofs, rounded roofs, flat roofs, houses made of different materials , need for house, room in a house.

Need for clothes, types of clothes -> cotton clothes, woollen clothes.

#### Safety and good habits

Safety rules at home, safety rules in school, safety rules on the road, safety while swimming, safety while riding in a bus, car etc, safety rules on the playground, safety rules on the staircase , zebra crossing, traffic light

Keeping clean and healthy -> cleanliness, rest, exercise and play, good habits.

First aid.

#### Rocks and minerals

Rocks and their types-> hard rocks, soft rocks.

Uses of rocks.

Minerals and their types, uses of minerals.

#### Air and water

The moving air, properties of air, keeping the air clean, what air contains, uses of air, wind and its direction, wind blows away things, strong wind cause storm.

Water, sources of water, storage of water, uses of water, saving (conservation) of water, drinking water, forms of water -> solid, liquid, gas, evaporation, condensation, melting, freezing.

Water cycle.

#### Earth and universe

Solar system,sun, earth, rotation and revolution of earth, moon, phases of moon, stars, shadows, length and direction of shadows.

#### Transport and communication

Transport and Means of transport -> air ,water, land transport

Communication and means of communication.

#### Occupation and family

Types of occupation ,types of family ,realatives,

#### Occasions and festivals

National festival, religious festivals, diwali, dasera, holi, harvest festivals, teachers day ,gurupurva, Id, raksha bandhan

#### Living and non-living things

Features of living things, non-living things, difference between living and non-living things.

#### Plants

Types of plants,parts of plants and their functions-> roots, stem, leaf, flower, fruit, seeds ,some special underground stems , germination, photosynthesis, types of roots ,uses of plants

#### Animals

Types of animals ,eating habits of animals , teeth of animals , food chain, vertebrates and invertebrates.

#### Birds

Bird’s feather, feet and claws, nest, how birds fly, flightless birds, parental care of birds. Insects and its body parts .

#### Human body

Digestive system and its organs , skeletal system and its organs , respiratory system and its organs circulatory system and its organs ,muscular system and its organs, nervous system and its organs, excretory system and its organs, skeletal system and its organs.

#### Food

Sources of food, good food habits, meals in a day, balanced diet, preserving food.

Food groups -> carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.

#### Soil

Soil and its formation, uses of soil, soil erosion, weathering, types of soil, layers of soil.

#### Air and water

Components of air , air contains gases, uses of air

water, sources of water, storage of water, uses of water, saving (conservation) of water, drinking water, forms of water , evaporation, condensation, water cycle.

#### Light, sound and force

Light, sources of light , shadow, properties of light, light and materials ,sound ,forces, effects of force, types of forces.

#### Our universe

Solar system , earth, rotation and revolution of earth, moon, surface of moon, phases of moon, stars and constellation, shadows, weather and seasons

#### Safety and good habits

Safety rules at home, safety rules in school, safety rules on the road, safety while swimming, safety while riding in a bus, car etc, safety rules on the playground, safety rules on the staircase , zebra crossing, traffic light

Keeping clean and healthy , first aid.

#### Matter and material

Matter, properties of matter,

Material, types of material, material that float and sink in water, miscible and immiscible liquid,

#### Soil

Soil and its formation, uses of soil, soil erosion, weathering, types of soil, composition of soil, layers of soil

#### Transport and communication

Means of transport -> air , water, land transport.

Communication and means of communication.

#### Plants

Types of plants, plants in desert, plants in coastal region , plains, mountains, swampy areas .

Aquatic plant-> fixed plant, floating plant, underwater plants, insectivorous plants, non-green plants,uses of palnts.

#### Animals

Types of animals, eating habits of animals vertabrates and invertebrates, food , animals look after their young ones, life cycle of animals and insects, adaptation in animals, survival of animals.

Bird’s feather, feet and claws, nest, how birds fly, flightless birds, parental care of birds.

Insects and its body parts .

#### Human body

Digestive system and its organs , skeletal system and its organs , respiratory system and its organs circulatory system and its organs ,muscular system and its organs, nervous system and its organs, excretory system and its organs, skeletal system and its organs.

Internal organs and external organs,sense organs .

Teeth and microbes.

#### Food and health

Sources of food, good food habits healthy food, meals in a day, balanced diet , preserving food,

food groups ,proper cooking practice.

#### Clothing

Types of clothes, natural fibre synthetic fibre, need of clothes, taking care of clothes.

#### Matter and material

Matter, properties of matter, changes of matter

Material, types of material, material that float and sink in water, miscible and immiscible liquid, Separation of soluble substances, separation of insoluble substances. Physical changes and chemical changes

#### Soil

Soil and its formation, uses of soil, soil erosion, weathering, types of soil, composition of soil, layers of soil, protecting soil , soil conservation.

#### Air, water, weather

Air, wind, atmosphere, climate, weather, temperature, sun’s role, layers of atmosphere. air pollution.

Water, uses of water purification of water ,rain , snow, dew, water cycle, water pollution.

Weather and seasons

#### Force, work and energy

Force, types of force , push ,pull, work.

Simple machine .

Energy and its sources -> sun, wind , water , forms of energy ,types of energy .

#### Earth and universe

Sun and eight planets(inner planets and outer planets) earth, rotation and revolution of earth, moon, surface of moon, phases of moon, stars and constellation, artificial satellite, shadows, length and direction of shadows. Solar eclipse and lunar eclipse. Relationship of festivals and heavenly bodies.

Earth’s crust , mantle and core.

Going into space, space travel, trip on moon,

#### Transport and communication

Means of transport -> air , rail , water, land transport.

Communication and means of communication –

->Postal, telephones, mobiles, television , newspaper, internet.

#### Natural resources

Renewable and non-renewable resources, deforestation, afforestation.

#### Plants

Reproduction through seeds, germination, reproduction through other parts.

Dispersal of seeds agriculture, stages in agriculture ,protection of crops, harvesting, ways to grow healthy crop, things we get from plants.

#### Animals

Types of animals , eating habits of animals vertabrates and invertebrates, food chain ,

animals look after their young ones, life cycle of animals and insects, adaptation in animals, survival of animals.

Movement in animals, migration among animals, breathing methods in animals, eating habits of animals, habitats, body covering in animals, senses of animals, uses of animals.

#### Human body

Digestive system and its organs , skeletal system and its organs , respiratory system and its organs circulatory system and its organs ,muscular system and its organs, nervous system and its organs, excretory system and its organs, skeletal system and its organs.

Internal organs and external organs, sense organs.

Teeth and microbes.

Skeletal system , parts of skeletal system ,function of skeleton, joints, types of joints ,muscles nervous system, brain .

#### Food and health

Components of food, food and nutrients, sources of food, good food habits healthy food, meals in a day. Balanced diet , preserving food, proper cooking practice.

Diseases, non communicable diseases ,prevention of non communicable diseases, spread of diseases through air dirty, water, food, cuts, wound, insects, through contact, cause of communicable diseases , preventing communicable diseases.

#### Rocks and minerals

Different types of rocks, minerals and uses of minerals.

#### Matter and material

Matter, solid, liquid, gas, properties of matter, changes of matter, arrangement of molecules in solid, liquid and gas.

Material, types of material, material that float and sink in water, miscible and immiscible liquid, transparent, translucent, opaque.

Physical and chemical changes.

#### Air and water

Air ,properties of air, atmosphere, layers of atmosphere, air pollution, water , water pollution, removing impurities, purifying drinking water.

#### Natural calamities

Volcano, earthquakes, tidal waves, cyclones, drought, flood, famine, tsunami.

#### Force and energy

Force ,effects of force, types of force , advantages and disadvantages of force.

Simple machine

Energy and its sources -> sun, wind , water , forms of energy ,types of energy .

#### Natural resources

Renewable and non-renewable resources, deforestation, afforestation.

#### Earth and universe

Sun and eight planets(inner planets and outer planets) earth, rotation and revolution of earth, moon, surface of moon, phases of moon , full moon, stars and constellation, artificial satellite, shadows, length and direction of shadows. Solar eclipse and lunar eclipse. Earth’s crust , mantle and core.

Going into space, space travel, trip on moon,

#### Food and its components

Need for food, food from plants, food from animals, nutrients , test for starch, test for proteins, test for fats, balanced diet , preserving food, proper cooking practice.

Diseases, non communicable, prevention of non- communicable diseases, spread of diseases through air dirty, water, food, cuts, wound, insects, through contact, cause of communicable diseases , preventing communicable diseases.

#### Fibre to fabric

Fibre, types of fibre, yarn to fabric.

#### Sorting and separation of material

Separation of solid from, separation of insoluble solid from , separation of soluble solid from liquid, solubility in water -> evaporation and condensation, solution, solvent, solute, saturated solution.

Materials and their properties, conduction of heat and electricity, insulators.

#### Changes around us

Physical and chemical change, temporary and permanent change, reversible and irreversible change.

#### Living things and their surroundings

In depth study of herbs, shrubs, climbers, creepers, trees, parts of plants, root system, shoot system, types of roots, modification of roots, modification of stem , modification of leaf, parts of leaf, function of leaf, photosynthesis, insectivorous plants, response to stimuli, movement, respiration, excretion, reproduction, movement of animals, movement of human beings, adaptation, habitats,

Skeletal system , parts of skeletal system ,function of skeleton, joints, types of ,muscles , nervous system, brain , nerves.

#### Motion and measurement of distances

Types of motions, distance , measurement, needs of standard units of measurement, S.I unit of length, measurement of length.

#### Light, shadow and reflection

Luminous and non-luminous objects, sources of light, transparency of materials, how light travels, shadow, reflection of light, solar and lunar eclipse, pinhole camera, mirror and reflection, periscope.

#### Electricity and circuits

Study of electric cell, electric bulb, electric circuit, electric switch, electric torch, conductors, and insulators.

#### Fun with magnets

Magnets, types of magnets, poles of magnets, making a magnet, finding direction using a magnet, care and uses of magnets.

#### Our environment

Sources of water , states of water, importance of water, water cycle, drought and flood, conservation of water, air around us, what is air made up of.

Garbage in and garbage out.

Types and sources of waste, problems with waste, waste management.

One of the finest training centres. Lots of personal attention and plenty of practice. I really admire the efforts that Kajal puts into ensuring that the kid has clearly understood every concept.

It is truly a wonderful experience with Kajal. So much dedication and handworks she does for all her students. She makes sure each and every child’s basic concepts are clear. Excellent teaching. Wish to continue.

Kajal is a very dedicated teacher. She puts her heart and soul in teaching kids and also makes sure that the concepts are very clearly understood by students which helps them to solve problems easily.

Kajal is very dedicated and hard working teacher. She is not at all money minded. She makes the child understand basic concepts in easy way. I am glad to send both my kids.

Very enthusiastic way of teaching. Takes a keen interest in teaching and gives timely feedback on child’s progress. I will surely recommend this class.

Kajal teacher is very loving and encouraging. Her teaching style is very unique which makes students understand difficult questions easily. Limited class size ensures excellent involvement between teacher and students. She gives personal and perfect attention.